Mother Gives Birth Using Transplanted Uterus

Mother Gives Birth Using Transplanted Uterus

The first successful birth of a child from a womb transplanted from a dead donor in Brazil should give hope to thousands of British women that they can have children, doctors said.

The surgery described in the case study took place in September 2016, and notes that a 32-year-old woman who had been born without a uterus was the recipient of the transplant.

Surgeons on the day of the birth of the baby girl to a woman with a uterus transplanted from a deceased donor.

The Brazilian researchers are planning two more uterus transplants as part of the study.

It was also the first uterine transplantation in Latin America.

The surgery involved connecting the donor uterus' and recipient's veins and arteries, ligaments, and vaginal canals.

The donated uterus was removed during the delivery, as is typical for such transplants - this way the patient doesn't have to keep taking the medications needed to avoid rejection.

"In an expanding field such as uterus transplantation, the role of collaborative networks and societies such as the International Society of Uterus Transplantation or new interest groups in already existing scientific societies will be crucial".

Although uterus transplants are a growing area of medicine, they remain highly experimental and are very hard surgeries to complete. On the other hand, the researchers state that transplants from deceased donors might have some benefits over donations from live donors.

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This baby is the first baby born to a woman with a uterus transplanted from a deceased donor. In one case in 2011, doctors in Turkey attempted to use a dead donor's womb to carry through a pregnancy, but the expectant mother miscarried two years later, even though the graft appeared healthy.

Pregnancy was confirmed 10 days after implantation, said the medical team. After almost 36 weeks a baby girl weighing 2.5 kilograms (about six pounds) was delivered via caesarean section.

The baby girl is healthy and developing normally, according to Dani Ejzenberg, the doctor at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil who led the transplant team.

Experts say that path breaking procedure will broaden the access to many of whom who would otherwise be left with an option of adoption or surrogacy to have a child. The baby was born on December 15, 2017, through a C-section, and is believed to be the first to be born with a uterus from a deceased donor. The mother and child managed to leave the hospital just three days after the birth, with a gloriously uneventful following few months.

"The numbers of people willing and committed to donate organs upon their own deaths are far larger than those of live donors, offering a much wider potential donor population", Ejzenberg said in a statement about the results, describing the procedure as a "medical milestone".

She had one in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycle four months before the transplant, resulting in eight fertilised eggs which were cryopreserved.

At the age of seven months and 20 days, when the case report was written, the baby was breastfeeding and weighed 7.2kg (15lbs 14oz). For future procedures he hopes to cut down on the time to transplant by removing the uterus before other organs, like the heart and kidneys.

The first childbirth following uterine transplantation from living donors occurred in Sweden in September 2013 and were also published in The Lancet.

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