Europe's highest rates of newly diagnosed HIV infections recorded in Russian Federation

Europe's highest rates of newly diagnosed HIV infections recorded in Russian Federation

The reports were highest in the Eastern European region at 130,000.

In comparison, Eastern Europe had 51.1 new diagnosed cases per 100,000 people, Western Europe had a rate of 6.4 new cases per 100,000.

Rates were highest in Russian Federation, (71 people per 100,000), followed by Ukraine and Belarus.

To date, provisional figures for 2018 indicate that there have been 459 new HIV diagnoses in Ireland, 26 ahead of this time previous year, which equates to over ten new infections per week. Participants expressed governments' firm commitment to scale up efforts to implement the Action Plan for the Health Sector Response to HIV in the WHO European Region and achieve the 90-90-90 targets.

The aim is segment of the Sustainable Development Goal of discarding HIV in Europe and globally by 2030.

"We all need to realise our responsibilities and the critical role we all have to play to make Pakistan HIV free".

In Europe, over 80pc of infections were in Eastern Europe past year.

In order to meet the target, new infections would need to decline by 78% by 2020, the report said.

Complacency, ignorance and continuing to see HIV as something shameful will keep us from advancing in our efforts to support people living with HIV and reduce new infections. Africa, where the estimated number of people living with HIV is 25.7 million, was most affected.

MP portraits
Lloyd Russell Moyle has been diagnosed with HIV

The disparate rates in Eastern Europe have health officials very concerned - and they say a lack of prevention is one cause, although better testing and treatment of the disease are also major concerns.

But methadone, which research has shown helps to prevent injecting drug users passing on HIV, is banned in Russian Federation.

Noting that one in four people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) do not know that they have the virus, impeding them from making informed decisions on prevention, treatment and other care and support services, the United Nations chief said that "there is still time to scale up testing for HIV, to enable more people to access treatment, to increase resources needed to prevent new infections, and to end the stigma".

Julio Montaner, Director of the BC-CfE, pioneered the concept of 'treatment as prevention' (TasP). The predominant modes of transmission in these countries were heterosexual transmission and transmission through injecting drug use.

European Union and European Economic Area countries saw a reduction in 2017 rates, mainly driven by a 20 percent drop since 2015 among men who have sex with men.

The report calls on governments to do this by "tailoring interventions to those most at risk" and to invest in prevention, testing and treatment.

"It's not completely clear from the report what the underlying problem is, and therefore how to fix it, but interruption in the drug supply due to the cost of drugs, a lack of task-shifting, and discriminatory laws are all likely to contribute".

The theme for this year's World Aids Day is "Know your Status". Reverend John Azumah, an HIV Ambassador, said health workers could help stop stigma by sticking to regulations on medical data. "As we roll out the basic healthcare fund in December, we will ensure that people living with HIV are fully captured".

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