Flight to mercury: spacecraft "BepiColombo" sends Signal

Flight to mercury: spacecraft

The rocket scientist was speaking after European and Japanese space agencies launch their first mission to Mercury with British-built spacecraft BepiColombo.

"We have sent the most complex stack of spacecraft that ever have been conceived into space, and to a very long journey to an environment which is truly out of the Earth; truly out of this world".

It will take an estimated seven years for the BepiColombo probe to reach its destination following the launch from the European spaceport in French Guiana on Saturday. Over the course of such a mission, a spacecraft must build up energy to resist the Sun's gravitational pull and slide into orbit around Mercury. ESA At that time it will make a "gravity-assist" flyby-using the Earth's gravity to swing itself inwards towards Venus.

BepiColombo is a joint project of the European Space Agency (ESA) and Japanese Space Agency (JAXA). BepiColombo comprises two spacecraft, the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO), each loaded with instruments that will measure the planet's magnetic field, its chemical makeup, how it feels the Sun's gravity, and more.

With the journey totalling some 8.5 billion kilometres - the equivalent of travelling from the Earth to Neptune and back again - Bepi will actually travel 38 times the maximum distance between the Earth and Mercury.

After arriving at Mercury, the modules will separate and from their respective orbits the science orbiters will make complementary measurements of Mercury's interior, surface, exosphere and magnetosphere, following up on numerous open questions raised by NASA's Messenger mission. In the process, scientists hope to understand more about how the planet formed and evolved so close to the sun, which may unlock insights about other stars and planets. The MMO, designed by the European Space Agency (ESA), will be investigating the magnetospheric interactions between the planet and the solar wind that is ejected from the Sun.

"He is known for explaining Mercury's peculiar characteristic of rotating about its own axis three times in every two orbits of the Sun". The mission of BepiColombo is simple, to figure out Mercury's history.

'We are sorry for refusing to trust the words of children'
While many survivors and campaigners welcomed the apology, others called for more to be done to address the history of abuse. But he said the nation was now confronting a "trauma" and an "abomination" that had been hiding in plain sight for too long.

The project was jointly developed by Japan and the EU. Some scientific data will be collected, but the best pictures we are likely to get during flybys will be from the selfie-cams mounted on the MTM.Arriving at MercuryOn arrival at Mercury in late December 2025, the transfer module will be detached.

BepiColombo is the 51st mission (and 73rd spacecraft) launched by Arianespace for ESA.

"This very complex mission is the result of a truly inspiring worldwide cooperation among 83 companies from 16 European countries and Japan", said Nicolas Chamussy, Head of Space Systems.

The Mercury Transfer Module (MTM), carrying the orbiters, was built in Stevenage in the United Kingdom by the Defence and Space division of aerospace company Airbus. It was he who proposed the NASA trajectory that allowed Mariner 10 to fly by the planet.

Only two NASA spacecraft, Mariner 10 and Messenger, have visited Mercury before, with Messenger intentionally crashing into the planet in 2015.

Getting close to a small planet, especially which is this close to the Sun is the tricky part.

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