STD Rates Skyrocket for Fourth Straight Year — CDC

STD Rates Skyrocket for Fourth Straight Year — CDC

"It's a crisis that has been in the making for years".

"It is time that President Trump and Secretary Azar declare STDs in America a public health crisis", adding that emergency access to funding is also needed to bring these rates down.

All three are curable with antibiotics, but gonorrhea is increasingly resistant to most drugs used to treat it. "Our nation must plan for the future".

"Our nation urgently needs new treatment options for gonorrhea", Bolan said.

Primary and secondary syphilis diagnoses increased 76 percent (from 17,375 to 30,644 cases).

Because of increase in syphilis cases, the Health Department is recommending special testing for all pregnant women in several Pennsylvania counties, including Allegheny and Indiana.

Chlamydia remained the most common STD reported, with more than 1.7 million cases in 2015. This figure was boosted by a 45 percent increase among 15-24-year-old females.

Diagnoses of gonorrhea rose by 67 percent overall from 333,004 in 2013 to 555,608 cases, according to preliminary data for 2017.

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Syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, stillbirth and increased HIV risk.

Experts at the 2018 STD Prevention Conference, where the new CDC numbers were presented in a Tuesday media briefing, chalk rising STD rates up to several factors. To do that, we need the government to step up and ensure those working to prevent STDs have the resources they need to do so effectively.

How do dating apps contribute to STDs?

"Certainly, there's a lot more we could do".

Now, health experts are calling for increased education for those most likely to be infected.

CDC funding for prevention efforts has hovered around $157 million for the past 18 years, Harvey said. Over the years, gonorrhea has become resistant to almost every class of antibiotics used to treat it, except to ceftriaxone, the only remaining highly effective antibiotic to treat gonorrhea in the United States. There has not yet been a confirmed treatment failure with the dual therapy. The CDC is concerned that such resistance could eventually extend to ceftriaxone, which would make the disease untreatable by any current antibiotic.

But Bolan reported that a "small, but growing fraction" of lab specimens of gonorrhea are showing "signs of antibiotic resistance". If that happens, a strain of gonorrhea could someday surface that would be resistant to ceftriaxone. Doctors are also screening for STDs less often, in part, because young patients aren't aware they should be asking to be tested.

To put it bluntly, as Jonathan Mermin, director of the CDC's National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, did in a CDC press release: "We are sliding backward".

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