Google honours Nobel laureate Har Gobind Khorana with a doodle

Google honours Nobel laureate Har Gobind Khorana with a doodle

The man who constructed the first synthetic gene and Indian-American Noble Prize victor in Physiology Har Gobind Khorana has been honoured by Google with a doodle.

Scholarships helped propel the budding scientist through his scholastic journey, obtaining his doctorate in organic chemistry in 1948.

Khorana was born was born on January 9, 1922, in Raipur, Punjab.

Khorana did stints in research institutions in Switzerland and Canada before landing at the Institute for Enzyme Research and the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

He shared the award with Marshall W Nirenberg and Robert W Holley. He has been an alumnus of the University of Liverpool, University of Cambridge and University of Punjab which proudly laud his outstanding research.

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There are four types of nucleotides in DNA and RNA, and the order in which they are placed determines the structure of the double helix - the shape that makes up each of our DNA molecules.

Dr. Khorana was well-known for his pervasive research on DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) and also for constructing the first synthetic gene. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell functions. He lived in India until 1945 when he was awarded a Government of India Fellowship, which allowed him to travel to the United Kingdom and study for a Ph.D at the University of Liverpool.

Some might be content to stop at winning the Nobel Prize, but for Khorana that was just the beginning. He continued his work in the field of science and in 1972, constructed the first artificial gene. He worked under Professor Vladimir Prelog in Zurich for one year and continued his reserch.

Har Gobind Khorana "was married in 1952 to Esther Elizabeth Sibler, who is of Swiss origin", according to The Nobel Prize biography.

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