China launches 1st domestically-made aircraft carrier

China launches 1st domestically-made aircraft carrier

CSIS has compiled a list of key facts and comparisons on the Type 001A, stating that the new carrier has some notable enhancements and "represents an important step in China's developing aircraft carrier program".

The new carrier is slightly larger than the Liaoning, China's first aircraft carrier, constructed by the Soviet Union as a Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier and refitted by the Chinese.

According to announcements from China's Ministry of National Defense and local media reports, the size and shape of the new ship are nearly the same as the Liaoning, but improvements have been incorporated throughout the vessel, and the aircraft-loading capacity will also increase.

The People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) is preparing to launch its first indigenously built - and second - aircraft carrier, with a ceremony marking the ship's floating off its dry dock.

While aircraft carriers are typically seen as global power-projection assets, analysts - such as Vasily Kashin (via Sputnik News) - believe that China's aircraft carriers will be used to support Beijing's regional security goals.

Please understand that womenofchina.cn, a non-profit, information-communication website, can not reach every writer before using articles and images.

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The ship's launch "shows our country's indigenous aircraft carrier design and construction has achieved major step by step results", Xinhua said.

The main body of the carrier has been completed, with equipment of the the major systems installed. The country is still in its initial stage of industrialization, and there will be many technical obstacles that stand in the way of a buildup of aircraft carriers, the article said. New Delhi is perhaps too impatient to develop an aircraft carrier.

India could be taken as a negative example for a buildup of aircraft carriers.

Meanwhile, Hong Kong-based South China Morning Post said China's new aircraft carrier has a displacement of 70,000 tonnes, is 315 metres long, 75 metres wide and has a cruising speed of 31 knots.

China claims nearly all the South China Sea, believed to have huge deposits of oil and gas, through which about $5 trillion in ship-borne trade passes every year, and has been building up military facilities like runways on the islands it controls.

The Liaoning has taken part in military exercises, including in the South China Sea and more recently near Taiwan, but is expected to serve more as a training vessel than having an actual combat role.

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