Astronomers Find Habitable Zone in Saturn's Moon

On Thursday, April 14, NASA shared that "chemical energy", existed on Enceladus, which may support life on Staurn's icy moon.

Cassini has detected hydrogen molecules in vapor plumes emanating from cracks in the surface of Enceladus, a small ocean moon coated in a thick layer of ice, the USA space agency said. If there are any microbes on Enceladus they could draw energy from this hydrogen through a process called methanogenesis that provides the basis of life in some instances.

This is the closest scientists have come to identifying a place having the ingredients for life, said Thomas Zurbuchen, the associate administrator of the NASA Science Mission Directorate.

The latest findings that Enceladus could support life forms evidences that hydrothermal activities are occurring in its ocean.

NASA stresses the findings, that were announced in the journal Science, do not mean that there is life on either moon, but that there may be favourable conditions to harbour life.

Enceladus is an icy moon a billion miles farther away from the sun than Earth is.

While some ingredients for life were found on Enceladus, the scientists made clear that the discovery didn't confirm life on the planet, but merely confirmed favorable conditions.

Child abuse prevention highlighted in Holyoke
SAYS is celebrating 28 years of serving children in St Johns County and three years in the Hutson Family Campus facility. The district attorney's office will be making appointments for picture opportunities on April 21 or April 28.

"This [molecular hydrogen] is just like the icing on the cake", said Hunter Waite of the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, who was study lead on the Encephalus plume observation. The team suggests that this phenomenon is a chemical effect of interactions between the rocky core and warm water from the underground ocean of the moon. The Cassini craft actually descended into the plume and sampled its makeup, finding chemical mix that included 98 percent water and 1 percent hydrogen, as well as traces of other gases like Carbon dioxide and methane.

One of Saturn's moons has almost all the ingredients it needs to sustain alien life - though living organisms have yet to be found, NASA scientists announced Thursday.

NASA's Cassini spacecraft detected the presence of molecular hydrogen in water plumes erupting from Saturn's icy moon Enceladus, the USA space agency announced Thursday, suggesting that the distant world has nearly all the conditions necessary for life. David Rothery, professor of planetary geosciences at the Open University, said: "At present, we know of only one genesis of life, the one that led to us".

Cassini uncovered the hydrogen during its final close flyby of Enceladus in 2015, when it dove deeper than ever through the moon's clouds of vapor and particles.

So which moon offers more possibility of life, Europa or Enceladus?

Scientists observed similar plumes on Jupiter's moon Europa.

Scientists believe there is an ocean of tidally heated liquid water beneath Enceladus' surface - making it a prime target in the search for extra-terrestrial life.

Related Articles

  • City Hall Proposes Highest Tobacco Prices in Nation to Snuff Smoking Rates

    City Hall Proposes Highest Tobacco Prices in Nation to Snuff Smoking Rates

    Mayor Bill de Blasio and a group of City Council members are determined to make New Yorkers quit smoking, one way or another. According to the press release , there are also 174,000 adults and 42,000 adolescents using e-cigarettes in New York City.

    Dad: Fresno shooting suspect spoke of race war

    Fresno police chief Jerry Dyer said: 'These individuals who were chosen today did not do anything to deserve what they got. Muhammad is also accused of firing at a 59-year-old white man coming out of a house, but he missed, the police chief said.
    Trump to meet Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on May 3

    Trump to meet Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on May 3

    The partnership of our two countries build on shared values has advanced the cause of human freedom, dignity and peace. On March 10, Abbas received a first ever phone call from Trump since the latter took office as U.S.
  • Thor: Ragnarok Director to Cameo as Planet Hulk Character

    Thor: Ragnarok Director to Cameo as Planet Hulk Character

    Waititi has been lightening up the Marvel world all through his production of Thor: Ragnarok. We wanted to make him amusing and a relatable entry point into this world.

    Georgia House race to high-stakes runoff as Trump wades in

    And Democrats capturing the House majority is much more conceivable than being competitive in this race was just a few months ago. The victor will replace Republican Tom Price , who stepped down to serve as Trump's Secretary of Health and Human Services.
    Half Girlfriend movie Phir Bhi Tumko Chaahunga song is out; Watch now

    Half Girlfriend movie Phir Bhi Tumko Chaahunga song is out; Watch now

    The fans wanted the song so badly that the makers made a decision to release the song prior to the planned date. Apart from Chetan, the film has been produced by Shobha Kapoor, Ekta Kapoor, and Mohit Suri .
  • Indian businessmen caught on the wrong side of the law

    Indian businessmen caught on the wrong side of the law

    As Mallya is fighting the extradition order, he will have the right to appeal and the case can go up to the UK Supreme Court. The Indian government has since revoked his Indian passport, but he has repeatedly dismissed all charges against him.
    Seattle mayor denies knowing sex-abuse accuser

    Seattle mayor denies knowing sex-abuse accuser

    On policing, he criticized highly public incidents of excessive force, but resisted the 2012 reform plan brought down by the U.S. In 1984, the state Legislature approved a law that prohibits a county, city or city-county from levying a tax on net income.
    British chancellor welcomes International Monetary Fund  upgrade of economic growth for 2017

    British chancellor welcomes International Monetary Fund upgrade of economic growth for 2017

    One bright spot is gas-rich Qatar which is expected to register 3.4-percent growth this year, compared with 2.7 percent in 2016. The outlook also explained how Nigeria will return to growth after an economic decline of 1.5 percent in 2016.
  • Japanese firm mulls joint-bid with Broadcom for Toshiba chip business

    Japanese firm mulls joint-bid with Broadcom for Toshiba chip business

    Western Digital, a bidder for Toshiba Memory and the owner of SanDisk, is demanding exclusive negotiations as a result. Both things would lessen Japanese government worry about Foxconn getting hold of prized Japanese economic assets.

    Arkansas inmates set to die Thursday claim innocence

    The ruling came moments after the Arkansas Supreme Court granted a stay to one of two men scheduled for execution Thursday night. According to the Democrat-Gazette's account, Davis was delivered his "last meal" as he awaited the Supreme Court's decision.
    Sachin's reply to fan's letter gets social media abuzz

    Sachin's reply to fan's letter gets social media abuzz

    Sachin too replied with a lovely tweet, " Zindagi me haar na hoti to koi kabhi jeet ta nahi aur kuch seekhta bhi nahi ". The poster/teaser of the film was released in April a year ago . "ATB for the film", Shah Rukh tweeted.